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Hepatitis C: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment

Hepatitis C is a liver infection that happens because of the hepatitis C virus. It is transmitted from one individual to the next by means of contaminated blood. Symptoms can variety from a minor contamination to a critical, long-time period situation. It can be classified as “acute,” which refers to a brand new contamination, or “persistent,” which refers to an extended-time period situation.

Acute hepatitis C develops in the first six months of infection with the hepatitis C virus. It can be a short-term sickness, however most people increase a continual contamination after an infection.

If untreated, chronic hepatitis C can be a life-time. It is a risky infection which can reason liver damage, cirrhosis (liver scarring), liver most cancers, or even death if left untreated.

In the United States, nearly 2.4 million people were identified with this condition. Many those who are infected with the virus, then again, are completely unaware that they’re ill.

Because of new capsules, chronic hepatitis C can now be dealt with. Despite the reality that there is no vaccine to prevent it, humans can lessen their chance by means of making lifestyle changes.


HCV that transmits through blood causes hepatitis C. The most commonly observed transmission routes are as follows:

  • Sharing of injection, reuse, or insufficient sterilization of medical equipment.
  • Transfusion of blood and sexual practices that result in blood exposure.
  • Organ transplant can also cause the transmission of the virus.
  • Tattoo or piercing if done with non-sterilized equipment also aids in virus transmission.

HCV also can be transmitted from a mother to baby during childbirth; but, those are less commonplace mechanisms of transmission than the ones described above.

Hepatitis C cannot be exceeded via breast milk, food, or water, nor thru unintentional contact with an infected individual (like kissing, hugging, or sharing food/drinks).


HCV signs can appear everywhere between weeks and six months after infection. After the early contamination, about eighty% of the population does not show any signs or symptoms of the sickness for numerous months. Flu-like symptoms which includes excessive fever, exhaustion, loss of urge for food, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal soreness are all commonplace symptoms of acute contamination. Dark urine, joint pain, gray-coloured feces, and jaundice also are indicative of this infection. Yellowing of the skin, as well as whites of the eyes, are also signs of acute illness.

A “silent” infection can go unnoticed for years before the virus has destroyed enough liver tissue to cause symptoms of liver disease. Acute hepatitis C contamination is the primary degree of any persistent contamination and might occur at any time. It is common for acute hepatitis C to be misdiagnosed because of the shortage of apparent signs. Acute signs and symptoms appear 1-3 months after virus exposure and remaining for 2-three months.

Other signs and signs and symptoms of this condition encompass:

  • Edema (fluid buildup in legs)
  • Gallstones
  • Easy bleeding
  • Muscle loss
  • Spider-like veins
  • Vomiting blood as a result of bleeding in the esophagus
  • Weight loss


Your scientific history, bodily exam, and laboratory tests are used to get a diagnosis of Hep C. Additional testing to decide whether or not you have liver damage may be required. Additional blood tests, a liver ultrasound, and a liver biopsy are the various diagnostic options that can be executed.

The following tests are also used to diagnose HCV:

Anti-HCV antibodies: Antibodies against HCV are proteins produced by your body when it identifies the infection in your circulation. They usually start to show up 12 weeks following infection.

The findings are usually available within a few days to a week, while some facilities provide a shorter turnaround time.

A fine test result approach you’ve got reactive antibodies to hepatitis C and had been inflamed sooner or later.

If you have a effective antibody test, you’ll be given the HCV RNA test.

HCV RNA: It determines the number of viral RNA particles in your circulation that occur 1-2 weeks after the infection with the virus.

Liver function test: The test looks at protein as well as enzyme levels in the blood, which generally increase 7 to 8 weeks after infection. Enzymes start to circulate your bloodstream as your liver turns into broken. Even in case your enzyme ranges are normal, it is feasible that you have Hepatitis C.

Liver biopsy: It entails introducing a small needle into the wall of the abdomen to obtain a liver tissue sample for the laboratory examination.

Magnetic resonance imaging: MRE creates a visual map of stiffness gradients across the liver. The improvement of stiff liver tissue inside the liver suggests the existence of liver scarring (fibrosis) because of continual hepatitis C.


Medication: the infection can be dealt with with antiviral capsules, which resource in the elimination of the virus from your body. The last aim of treatment is to put off the lines of the virus in the body for at least 12 weeks after you end treatment. The emergence of latest antiviral capsules has enabled current improvements within the treatment of hepatitis C. Your care crew at some point of your therapy will continuously display your response to drugs.

Liver Transplant: It is feasible that liver transplantation will be an effective treatment alternative to your case of continual hepatitis C contamination and intense signs. After removing your diseased liver, the doctor will replace it with a healthy liver received from a deceased donor at some stage in the path of the system. Because only a small wide variety of dwelling donors are willing to donate a piece of their liver tissue, the considerable majority of liver transplants are accomplished on deceased donors.

A single liver transplantation procedure is hardly ever enough to therapy hepatitis C. Antiviral medication is vital to keep away from further liver harm following the transplant due to the high chance of the infection returning.

When to See a Doctor

Immediately seek advice from your doctor if you have a hazard of hepatitis C. If the signs and symptoms of hepatitis C end up exquisite, right away searching for medical assist. It is essential to get diagnosed for early treatment because the circumstance might also result in unfavourable effects inclusive of liver failure.

Alice Jacqueline is a creative writer. Alice is the best article author, social media, and content marketing expert. Alice is a writer by day and ready by night. Find her on Twitter and on Facebook!

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